The Normalcy of Hate: A Critical Exploration of the ‘Everyday’ and ‘Mundane’ Reality of Transphobic Hate Crime
I would like to invite you to take part in a research study. Before you decide if you would like to take part it is important to understand why the research is being done and what it would involve for you. Please take time to read the following information carefully. Please ask questions if anything you read is not clear or you would like more information.
Section A: The Research Project
Title of Project: The Normalcy of Hate: A Critical Exploration of the ‘Everyday’ and ‘Mundane’ Reality of Transphobic Hate Crime
Summary of PhD Research.
This research project will form part of my PhD. This research will explore trans individuals’ experiences of ‘everyday’ and low level hate crime. A hate crime is any criminal offence perceived by the victim or any other person, to be motivated by a hostility or prejudice based on a personal characteristic. Although this project is interested in all experiences of hate crime there will be a particular focus on low level incidents including verbal abuse, harassment, property crimes and online abuse.
This paper will obtain data by conducting online questionnaire’s, face to face interviews and online participant observation to explore the everyday experiences of trans individuals who encounter abuse and hate crime.
By using 'trans' it is recognised that this may refer to a broad range of gender identities, including, but not exclusively, those that may identify as a different gender to how they were described at birth, those that are undertaking or have undertaken hormones or surgery to change their gender from the gender they were described at birth and those that may identity outside a gender binary of male and female.
How many people will be asked to participate?This research project is seeking approximately 400 responses to the survey.
Has this study received ethical approval?Yes, this study has received a favourable opinion from the Research Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Kingston University.
What will happen to the results of this study?
Data from these questionnaires will be analysed both quantitatively and qualitatively to explore a range of experiences. Personal information will be analysed to produce statistics about who has taken part in this questionnaire. Other data will be analysed to establish prevalence, types of crimes experienced and knowledge of support services. The results from this questionnaire will then be used as discussion points for further interviews that will be conducted. The data from these questionnaires will form part of my doctoral thesis. Information from these surveys may also appear in journal articles and presented at conferences.
All transcripts will be anonymised before publication and all personal identifiable information will be removed or given a pseudonym. The data from this study will be kept securely on password protected files and encrypted if held on removable devices. Only members of the research team will have access to this data.
Contact details for further information.If you have any questions please e-mail email@example.com
Supervisors: Dr Marisa Silvestri (M.Silvestri@kingston.ac.uk), Dr Joanna Jamel (J.Jamel@kingston.ac.uk) and Dr Adrian Coyle (A.Coyle@kingston.ac.uk)
Section B: Your participation in the Research Project
Why have I been asked to participate? You have been invited to take part in this research because you self-identify as ‘trans’ or non-binary and are aged 16 or over.
What will I be asked to do?You will be asked to fill in an online questionnaire. The questionnaire will ask personal questions to create a picture of those who participated and will include questions regarding age, gender, ethnicity, disability status and religious affiliation. Other questions will ask for opinions on experiences of hate crime, police responses and knowledge of support services available to those who experience hate crime.
How much of my time will this take?It is expected that completing the survey will take approximately 30 minutes.
Will my participation in the study be kept confidential?All information which is collected about you during the course of the research will be kept strictly confidential. You will not be asked for any information that would lead to you being identified. Participant data will remain completely confidential within a dedicated research team. Any data, accessed by the research team will be in anonymised format.
Data from the survey will be used in the final thesis which will also be anonymised and any identifiable information removed. Participants will be given a pseudonym in place of their real name. However, it is still potentially possible that participants may be identified by their colleagues or peers if not by the general public. Extracts from the data could also appear written up in journal articles and presented at conferences. Participants’ personal data or sensitive personal information will not be used in the dissemination of results.
What are the likely benefits of taking part?The information collected from the study will help to increase the understanding of how low level, everyday abuse is experienced and it is hoped that this information will help to inform policy and practice.
What are the potential risks of taking part?The questionnaire will require you to answer questions relating to your gender identity, experiences of hate crime and knowledge of support services. The nature of the topic you will be asked to speak about may be potentially distressing and sensitive. The researcher can also provide a list of local support services should you require further support at any point.
Do I have to take part?No, your participation in this study is completely voluntary. You can refuse to take part without giving any reason. Furthermore, should you consent to participating and later decide you no longer wish too, you can withdraw from the study at any time, without giving a reason. If you choose to withdraw, your data will be destroyed. If after participating in the survey, you would like to withdraw, you can request your data is not used until June 30th 2017. To withdraw, please e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org .
Contact details for complaints.If you have any complaints about the study or how it is handled please speak to the researcher (email@example.com) or their supervisor in the first instance.
Kingston University has a complaints procedure. Please send any complaints to: E-mail address: S.Morganwortham@kingston.ac.uk Postal address: Simon Morgan Wortham, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Kingston University, Penrhyn Road, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, KT1 2EE
Thank you for taking the time to read this form.
You will be given a copy of this to keep, together with a copy of your consent form upon request.
I, the undersigned, confirm that:
- I voluntarily agree to take part in this study
- I have read and understood the Information Sheet provided on the previous page which outlines the nature, purpose and likely duration of this study, and what I will be expected to do.
- I have been given contact details for the relevant person should I want to ask any questions about any aspect of this study, or make a complaint.
- I understand that the information I provide in this survey will be used in the research study, and may also be used in further research by the same researcher after the study has ended.
- I agree to anonymised quotations from this survey being used in the research, including in any publications as a result of this study.
- I understand that all personal data relating to volunteers is held and processed in the strictest confidence, and in accordance with the Data Protection Act (1998). I agree that I will not seek to restrict the use of the results of the study on the understanding that my confidentiality is preserved.
- I understand that this research has received a favourable opinion from the Research Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Kingston University.
- I understand that I am free to withdraw from the study at any time before the 30th June 2017 without needing to justify my decision.
- I have been given adequate time to consider my participation.
- I confirm that I have read and understood the above and freely consent to participate in this study.